Ask any builder or geologist—bedrock ranks as the ultimate in stability. So it’s no wonder that in , when Stanley Rule and Level Company introduced planes that held the plane iron cutter rock steady, the company dubbed them “Bedrock. At the heart of the new tool sat an improved frog, patented in by Stanley’s head engineer, Justus Traut. The frog—a roughly triangular cast-iron piece upon which the cutter rests—secures that iron to the plane bottom. The Bedrock and frog evolved from Stanley’s Bailey bench plane, the standard for nearly 40 years. Traut’s patent made the frog even more triangular and mated it more stubbornly to the bottom, while allowing easy throat-opening adjustment. A later improvement in Bedrock planes came in , when Edmund Schade, then superintendent of production at Stanley, patented a system of draw pins and tapered screws that allowed the frog to be securely drawn down on the base. At the same time, this improvement permitted the adjustment of the throat opening without the need to remove the plane iron.
Stanley plane dating
A Short guide to identifying the most common Vintage Hand Planes found. This is by no means an exhaustive list, but it should guide you in a general direction to find out who made your vintage hand plane. After when Stanley added the lateral adjuster, All Stanley Bailey and Stanley Bedrock planes had this style adjuster. The first one is a Stanley Bedrock. An exceptional plane. Make sure yours in question has the Stanley Lateral shown above.
After when stanley r l bed rock series. Find that a time dating information found sweetheart vintage stanley bed rock series. A mix of the.
In a world where good enough usually ain’t good enough, Stanley decided to produce another series of metal bench planes, called Bed Rock planes. These planes are, for all intents and purposes, nothing but a variation of the more popular Bailey series. They all have an adjustable frog, the brass depth adjustment knob, the lateral lever, a lever cap, rosewood knob and tote, etc. The key difference between the two designs is found in the way the frog mates with the bottom casting.
For such a seemingly minor difference, the Bed Rock planes were offered at a premium over the Bailey’s, and it was a design that never seemed to be very static nor nearly as popular as Stanley’s wildly successful Bailey line. Since the primary difference between the two models is in their frog designs, most of what follows is paid to that minutiae.
If you don’t wanna be stuck in the quagmire of frog design, best find something else upon which to ponder, like modern day uses of the amazing fiberboard planes, the A , , etc. The Bailey frog underwent several modifications in an attempt to make it seat better, and cheaper each and every frog, and its receiving part of the bottom casting, had to be machined for a proper fit. By about , the frog design had pretty much evolved into the design that most of us handtool fundamentalists recognize – the angled bottom that mates to the bottom casting at two areas, one along the rear of the mouth and the other at a raised crossbar that spans the interior width of the bottom casting.
In other words, the frog does not mate with the bottom casting over the entire area of the frog’s bottom. So someone at Stanley, Justus Traut the dude who gave us the 45 , et al , sniffed out a marketing opportunity here.
Antique Stanley Tools
Stanley has been creating tools such as the bench plane since , and it can be difficult to date an antique tool if you don’t know where to look, according to the Stanley Company. There are twenty types of Stanley planes dating back to Each type has subtle differences that distinguish it from the other types, such as variations in parts and different marks cast into the metal like the plane size number or patent numbers or dates.
Familiarize yourself with the names of the various parts of the tool using a Stanley diagram see Reference 3. Locate the bed of the plane behind the frog.
The frog and frog seating in the body of these planes are based on the Bedrock design, first seen on early Stanley planes, meaning the seating pad in the bode.
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How to Determine the Age of a Stanley Plane
April 12, 17 Comments. Stanley Bed Rock no. However, given their genius at marketing and creating demand, I suspect it was driven by a couple of different factors. In , Justice Traut patented what would become the basic Bed Rock design.
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Antique Stanley tools are often sought after for their aesthetic value. Handles were made of beautiful woods such as Brazilian rosewood, chosen for its durability, and the metal surfaces were often highly detailed. This combination means that many of the tools still around today have held up well and can be in demand. The Bob Kaune Antique Used Tools site has many types of Stanley tools, but in particular it carries the coveted Bedrock tools, which are frequently worth twice what other Stanley tools are.
The Best Things has numerous Stanley tools for sale. The description of each tool includes a grade of its condition and any flaws that are apparent. Their stock changes frequently and contains bevels and planes. Patented-Antiques sells many types of antique tools, including those by Stanley. They are conservative in their condition estimates and list new items frequently.
The Jim Bode Tools site specializes in rare and collectible tools, including those made by Stanley. They separate their tools by category, not by manufacturer, so you may have to dig to find those by Stanley. Some tools carried include a mint condition level sight and several varieties of planes.
The Jack Plane You Really Need: Part 1
Each is in fine condition with no damage or cracks, formed and sanded before finishing, with some very minor finish issues, but has never been used. Although this type of handle is a copy or duplicated shape and made to fit any of the Stanley number planes listed above during the period in the ‘s when there was a shortage of Rosewood, this handle will fit the same type or number planes dating back to , although the older planes originally had Rosewood handles and knobs, where this set is walnut, and walnut has a very similar appearance to the vintage rosewood with the rosewood stain finish.
This handle is. The knob is 2.
Internet antique seller of antique tools, planes and related somewhat similar in appearance, and can date from just about the same era to right of popular and desirable patented metallic planes Stanley Bedrock Plane.
Stanley Bedrock planes. Bedrock planes were first added to the Stanley catalogues in Production probably started two or three years earlier. The planes are numbered from to There is NO Stanley Bedrock – all the planes currently on the market are later creations by modern tool merchants. There are basically two types of Bedrock planes: the round sided models sold up to ca and the later types with flat top sides Some guides insist that the round sided and earlier models are more valuable but this is definitely not the case in the real world of tool dealing.
All round sided planes, except for the , are worth roughly about the same as any “normal” bench plane of the same vintage. Flat sided models on the other hand fetch a lot more. One and two line Bedrock lever caps are preferred by most collectors. The bed is machined flat – thus leaving no space between the bed and the frog. In other words, the frog sits tightly on the “bedrock”. This was supposed to eliminate chatter.
However, the first models up to still used ordinary screws to fasten the frog to the bed.
Dating Hand Planes Start Page
Transits Compasses Levels. Salesman Samples Patent Models. Cast Iron Coffee Corkscrews.
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Stanley No. It was the most expensive Stanley Plane sold on eBay in Second place went to a Stanley No. Third place goes to a beautiful Stanley No. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied or reproduced in any manner or form. No part or portion of this publication can be transmitted, stored or otherwise reproduced in any manner including a data retrieval system.
Quickly Identify Your Hand Plane
Toggle navigation Swingley Development. I already don’t have places to store the planes I own, so why am I asking, but I read in Walters that some Keen Kutter bench planes were made by Stanley and are essentially identical to some vintage of the Bedrock series Type 3?? My question is: is this generally true? I have a K6 that is definitely of the round side bedrock design, but don’t know the vintage.
The lever cap is plated, says “Keen Kutter” and the background is painted red.
Type study of your hand plane dating flowchart i recently purchased at sea. leonard bailey line of bowling a stanley bedrock hand plane made by russian.
Please note that all type studies are approximate as production variations throughout the manufacturing years were quite common. Also keep in mind that Type Studies are present day references, time-lines that map changes in the design and features of tools manufactured in the past. Understand that neither Stanley nor any other manufacturer followed type studies. In fact, it is only in the last 30 years or so that type studies have been assembled through historical research and the physical inspection of hundreds or thousands of tools made over the years.
Beds marked with Bailey model numbers Nos. S casting mark on bed a single raised dot on some specimens. Model No. Frogs of some planes are nickel-plated on the machined surfaces. B casting marks eliminated. No patent dates on the lateral adjustment lever. Flat-top sides introduced for first time. Frogs are now attached to beds with adjustment pins and set screws.
Knob receiver boss now cupped for fitting knob. Beds of No.